Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 16 Page 17 Page 18 Page 19 Page 20 Page 21 Page 22 Page 23 Page 24 Page 25 Page 26 Page 27 Page 28 Page 29 Page 30 Page 31 Page 32 Page 33 Page 34 Page 35 Page 36 Page 37 Page 38 Page 39 Page 40 Page 41 Page 42 Page 43 Page 44 Page 45 Page 46 Page 47 Page 481 7 Impacts on Filtration and Separation Technologies Finer Filtration: Automotive engines and transmissions, turbines and compressors are built with more sophisticated machine tools requiring closer tolerances. Pharmaceuticals, and food/beverages producers are faced with increasing bacteria and virus removal challenges. Semiconductors (microelectronics) have finer minimum circuit/feature sizes that are now in the nanometer range. In the last 50 years, the filtration and separation industry has led the way with new and improved capabilities for the removal of increasingly finer particles and other chemical or ionic species. Filtration Media Specialization: Virtually every filter or filtration process/system requires a filtration medium made from any number of materials of construction including metals, plastic polymers, ceramics, natural grown substances, such as walnut shells, wood pulp rice hulls, along with mined ores and minerals. The end result being better filtration and separation media, to better serve specialized markets and increasingly diverse customer needs. Environmental Consciousness: The filtration industry has long been a disposable market and yet reusable filters, able to be cleaned in-situ or extended-life filters with greater contaminate holding capacity are rapidly growing in popularity and use. Entirely new self-cleaning capable ceramic filters are used in diesel cars and trucks on new vehicles to remove the choking soot we have all experienced in the past. Cross-flow filtration has become the new normal for water and wastewater filtration, constantly cleaning the filter surface to extend the service life of these filters by years. Global Manufacturing & Supply: Customers seek the latest filtration media, filters and filtration and separation systems wherever they can locate them as they strive to use the best available technology wherever it is found and at the lowest cost. It is quite common for filtration and separation technology suppliers to follow their customer overseas, building or buying nearby production facilities. This keeps the supply chain short, and enables Just in Time (JIT) deliveries. This trend is one of the major reasons for the ongoing consolidation of global suppliers in the filtration and separation technology segment. Regulation/Legislation Requiring Pollution Prevention/Control: Legislation and regulation have had a significant impact on increased growth within the filtration industry, with little expected change or slowdown in sight. This has driven the ongoing need for filtration and separation technology to ensure or remediate a cleaner environment. Regulatory considerations, along with improved product quality processes, demand for improved production yields, and the reduction of disposable waste are driving filtration industry growth for the foreseeable future. 1 7